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Early Railway Chemistry and Its Legacy

Early Railway Chemistry and Its Legacy PDF Author: Colin Archibald Russell
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1849733260
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 193

Book Description
This unique book covers the crucial role that chemistry has played in the growth and development of railways in Britain.

Early Railway Chemistry and Its Legacy

Early Railway Chemistry and Its Legacy PDF Author: Colin Archibald Russell
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1849733260
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 193

Book Description
This unique book covers the crucial role that chemistry has played in the growth and development of railways in Britain.

Early Railway Chemistry and its Legacy

Early Railway Chemistry and its Legacy PDF Author: Colin A Russell
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1788018206
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208

Book Description
One of the most important parts of British heavy industry today is our railway system. Its constant appearances in news bulletins, its enormous appeal to fans or "enthusiasts", its permanent role in the lives of most of us, and its economic significance today, all underline its importance. Railway historians and enthusiasts will be surprised to learn that chemists played an important part in the development of the railway industry in Britain. Chemists themselves are well aware of the many and wide-ranging applications of their discipline, but the fact that their predecessors were involved in the technological development of railways will come as a surprise to many. This book is the first detailed study of this important interaction and covers the crucial role that chemistry played in the development of the British railway industry from its beginnings in the early 19th century up to the grouping of the railways of 1923 into GWR, SR, LNER, and LMSR. The book describes the vital relationship between chemistry and the railway industry, all very recently discovered. It shows that the railway system would simply have not been possible without chemical inputs, chiefly but by no means entirely analytical. This discovery about a huge revenue-earning industry in Britain came from rare documents recently unearthed and other archival material and the book contains many rare illustrations and vast amounts of previously unpublished material. For the historian, it is a classic case of where history of science and history of technology converge. A great many engineers contributed to the enormous technological development which occurred in the railway industry between 1830 and 1923, but working alongside the engineers were the chemists, and in certain critical areas their contribution to this development was vital. It is a contribution which up until now has not been adequately recognised, and this book puts the record straight. The book has an unusually wide appeal, being of interest to practising chemists, those interested in the history of chemistry and its role in society, historians of science and technology, mechanical engineers, and not least railway enthusiasts and railway historians. The chemist will be justly proud of the extreme importance of the subject for industry and the railway enthusiast will gain a wholly new picture of the development of the industry in Britain.

The Chemists' War

The Chemists' War PDF Author: Michael Freemantle
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1849739897
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 342

Book Description
The 1914-18 war has been referred to as the 'chemists' war' and to commemorate the centenary, this collection of essays will examine various facets of the role of chemistry in the First World War. Written by an experienced science writer, this book will be of interest to scientists and historians with an interest in this technologically challenging time.

Acid Rain and the Rise of the Environmental Chemist in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Acid Rain and the Rise of the Environmental Chemist in Nineteenth-Century Britain PDF Author: Peter Reed
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131718582X
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 226

Book Description
Robert Angus Smith (1817-1884) was a Scottish chemist and a leading investigator into what came to be known as 'acid rain'. This study of his working life, contextualized through discussion of his childhood, education, beliefs, family, interests and influences sheds light on the evolving understanding of sanitary science during the nineteenth century. Born in Glasgow and initially trained for a career in the Church of Scotland, Smith instead went on to study chemistry in Germany under Justus von Liebig. On his return to Manchester in the 1840s, Smith's strong Calvinist faith lead him to develop a strong concern for the insanitary environmental conditions in Manchester and other industrial towns in Britain. His appointment as Inspector of the Alkali Administration in 1863 enabled him to marry his social concerns and his work as an analytical chemist, and this book explores his role as Inspector of the Administration from its inception through battles with chemical manufacturers in the courts, to the struggle to widen and tighten the regulatory framework as other harmful chemical nuisances became known. This study of Smith’s life and work provides an important background to the way that 'chemical' came to have such negative connotations in the century before publication of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring. It also offers a fascinating insight into the changing landscape of British politics as regulation and enforcement of the chemical industries came to be seen as necessary, and is essential reading for historians of science, technology and industry in the nineteenth century, as well as environmental historians seeking background context to the twentieth-century environmental movements.

The Reformist Ideas of Samuel Johnson

The Reformist Ideas of Samuel Johnson PDF Author: Stefka Ritchie
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443879126
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 315

Book Description
This book explores what remains an under-studied aspect of Samuel Johnson’s profile as a person and writer – namely, his attitude to social improvement. The interpretive framework provided here is cross-disciplinary, and applies perspectives from social and cultural history, legal history, architectural history and, of course, English literature. This allows Johnson’s writings to be read against the peculiarities of their historical milieu, and reveals Johnson in a new light – as an advocate of social improvement for human betterment. Considering the multiplicity of narrative modes that have been employed, the book points to the blurred boundaries and overlapping between history, testimony and fiction, and argues that a future biography of Samuel Johnson has to recognise that throughout his life he valued the utilitarian aspect of his manifesto as a writer to impart a more charitable attitude in the pursuit of a more caring society.

The Matter Factory

The Matter Factory PDF Author: Peter J. T. Morris
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 1780234740
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 352

Book Description
White coats, Bunsen burners, beakers, flasks, and pipettes—the furnishings of the chemistry laboratory are familiar to most of us from our school days, but just how did these items come to be the crucial tools of science? Examining the history of the laboratory, Peter J. T. Morris offers a unique way to look at the history of chemistry itself, showing how the development of the laboratory helped shape modern chemistry. Chemists, Morris shows, are one of the leading drivers of innovation in laboratory design and technology. He tells of fascinating lineages of invention and innovation, for instance, how the introduction of coal gas into Robert Wilhelm Bunsen’s laboratory led to the eponymous burner, which in turn led to the development of atomic spectroscopy. Comparing laboratories across eras, from the furnace-centered labs that survived until the late eighteenth century to the cleanrooms of today, he shows how the overlooked aspects of science—the architectural design and innovative tools that have facilitated its practice—have had a profound impact on what science has been able to do and, ultimately, what we have been able to understand.

The Neston Collieries, 1759-1855

The Neston Collieries, 1759-1855 PDF Author: Anthony Annakin-Smith
Publisher: University of Chester
ISBN: 190825839X
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 412

Book Description
Remarkable events included devastating acts of sabotage committed by Ness Colliery’s owners on the neighbouring works, and the introduction of underground canals to haul coals deep under the Dee Estuary where most of the mining occurred. Figures as diverse as the engineer George Stephenson and Nelson’s future mistress Emma, Lady Hamilton are part of the mines’ story.

Hazardous Chemicals

Hazardous Chemicals PDF Author: Ernst Homburg
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1789203201
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 422

Book Description
Although poisonous substances have been a hazard for the whole of human history, it is only with the development and large-scale production of new chemical substances over the last two centuries that toxic, manmade pollutants have become such a varied and widespread danger. Covering a host of both notorious and little-known chemicals, the chapters in this collection investigate the emergence of specific toxic, pathogenic, carcinogenic, and ecologically harmful chemicals as well as the scientific, cultural and legislative responses they have prompted. Each study situates chemical hazards in a long-term and transnational framework and demonstrates the importance of considering both the natural and the social contexts in which their histories have unfolded.

5th International Conference on History of Chemistry

5th International Conference on History of Chemistry PDF Author: Isabel Malaquias
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Chemistry
Languages : en
Pages : 687

Book Description


The Railway Photography of Henry Priestley

The Railway Photography of Henry Priestley PDF Author: Henry B. Priestley
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Railroads
Languages : en
Pages : 148

Book Description