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Fertility Regimes and the Determinants of Birth Intervals

Fertility Regimes and the Determinants of Birth Intervals PDF Author: Seyed Farrokh Mostafavi
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 256

Book Description

Fertility Regimes and the Determinants of Birth Intervals

Fertility Regimes and the Determinants of Birth Intervals PDF Author: Seyed Farrokh Mostafavi
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 256

Book Description


Contingent Lives

Contingent Lives PDF Author: Caroline H. Bledsoe
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226058506
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 416

Book Description
Most women in the West use contraceptives in order to avoid having children. But in rural Gambia and other parts of sub-Saharan Africa, many women use contraceptives for the opposite reason—to have as many children as possible. Using ethnographic and demographic data from a three-year study in rural Gambia, Contingent Lives explains this seemingly counterintuitive fact by juxtaposing two very different understandings of the life course: one is a linear, Western model that equates aging and the ability to reproduce with the passage of time, the other a Gambian model that views aging as contingent on the cumulative physical, social, and spiritual hardships of personal history, especially obstetric trauma. Viewing each of these two models from the perspective of the other, Caroline Bledsoe produces fresh understandings of the classical anthropological subjects of reproduction, time, and aging as culturally shaped within women's conjugal lives. Her insights will be welcomed by scholars of anthropology and demography as well as by those working in public health, development studies, gerontology, and the history of medicine.

The Fertility Revolution

The Fertility Revolution PDF Author: Richard A. Easterlin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226180298
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 232

Book Description
For most of human history a "natural fertility" regime has prevailed throughout the world: there has been almost no conscious limitation of family size within marriage, and women have spent their reproductive lives tied to the "wheel of childbearing." Only recently in developed countries has fertility been brought under conscious control by individual couples and childbearing fallen to an average of two births per woman. The explanation of this "fertility revolution" is the main concern of this book. Richard A. Easterlin and Eileen M. Crimmins present and test a fertility theory that has gained increasing attention over the last decade, a "supply-demand theory" that integrates economic and sociological approaches to fertility determination. The results of the tests, which draw on data from four developing countries—Colombia, India, Sri Lanka, and Taiwan—are highly consistent, though a number of the conclusions are likely to arouse controversy. For example, couples' motivation for fertility control appears to be the prime mover in the fertility revolution, rather than access to family planning services or unfavorable attitudes toward such services. The interdisciplinary approach and nontechnical exposition of this study will attract a wide readership among economists, sociologists, demographers, anthropologists, statisticians, biologists, and others.

Offspring

Offspring PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 030908718X
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 399

Book Description
Despite recent advances in our understanding of the genetic basis of human behavior, little of this work has penetrated into formal demography. Very few demographers worry about how biological processes might affect voluntary behavior choices that have demographic consequences even though behavioral geneticists have documented genetics effects on variables such as parenting and divorce. Offspring: Human Fertility Behavior in Demographic Perspective brings together leading researchers from a wide variety of disciplines to review the state of research in this emerging field and to identify promising research directions for the future.

Changes in the Direct and Indirect Determinants of Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa

Changes in the Direct and Indirect Determinants of Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa PDF Author: Kiersten Johnson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Africa, Sub-Saharan
Languages : en
Pages : 63

Book Description


Fertility and Household Labour in Tanzania : Demography, Economy, and Society in Rufiji District, c.1870-1986

Fertility and Household Labour in Tanzania : Demography, Economy, and Society in Rufiji District, c.1870-1986 PDF Author: Matthew Lockwood
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191590878
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 216

Book Description
This book is an interdisciplinary study of the way in which human reproduction interweaves with the reproduction of society and economy in coastal Tanzania. Combining demography, history, and sociology, and with a breadth of theoretical discussion and empirical detail, it offers a new methodology for the study of African fertility and the role of household demography in agrarian economies. Part I provides a political economy of changing fertility. Demographic patterns are situated within the wider social and economic context, in particular the transformation of marriage in relation to kinship and local political structures, and child-spacing dynamics rooted in the moral exonomy of gender. In Part II, the author examines the implications of demographic patterns for people's work-loads and economic fortunes at the individual and household level. Based on extensive field-work in a Tanzanian village, the analysis shows the importance of women's involvement in rice cultivation, and the fluidity of life cycles.

Population Patterns in the Past

Population Patterns in the Past PDF Author: Ronald Demos Lee
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 148327019X
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 388

Book Description
Population Patterns in the Past focuses on the study of historical populations. This book presents methods for the exploitation and use of aggregate data for demographic inference, facilitating the development and testing of hypotheses with socioeconomic content through advances in the use of demographic time-series. The topics discussed include homeostatic demographic regime; peasant household organization and demographic change in lower Saxony; civil code and nuptiality; and primonuptiality and ultimonuptiality. The deaths, marriages, births, and the Tuscan economy; influence of economic and social variables on marriage and fertility in 18th and 19th century Japanese villages; and childbearing and land availability are also elaborated. This text also covers the American fertility patterns since the civil war; a repertory of stable populations; and methods and models for analyzing historical series of births, deaths, and marriages. This publication is recommended for demographists, historians, and sociologists in charge of analyzing behavioral models in historical demography.

Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference

Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Birth control
Languages : en
Pages : 654

Book Description


Population Index

Population Index PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Population
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description


Economic Approaches to Modeling Fertility Determinants

Economic Approaches to Modeling Fertility Determinants PDF Author: Cristino R. Arroyo III
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN:
Category : Birth control
Languages : en
Pages : 70

Book Description