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From the Universe to the Elementary Particles

From the Universe to the Elementary Particles PDF Author: Ulrich Ellwanger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642243754
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 192

Book Description
In this book, the author leads the reader, step by step and without any advanced mathematics, to a clear understanding of the foundations of modern elementary particle physics and cosmology. He also addresses current and controversial questions on topics such as string theory. The book contains gentle introductions to the theories of special and general relativity, and also classical and quantum field theory. The essential aspects of these concepts are understood with the help of simple calculations; for example, the force of gravity as a consequence of the curvature of the space-time. Also treated are the Big Bang, dark matter and dark energy, as well as the presently known interactions of elementary particles: electrodynamics, the strong and the weak interactions including the Higgs boson. Finally, the book sketches as yet speculative theories: Grand Unification theories, supersymmetry, string theory and the idea of additional dimensions of space-time. Since no higher mathematical or physics expertise is required, the book is also suitable for college and university students at the beginning of their studies. Hobby astronomers and other science enthusiasts seeking a deeper insight than can be found in popular treatments will also appreciate this unique book.

From the Universe to the Elementary Particles

From the Universe to the Elementary Particles PDF Author: Ulrich Ellwanger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642243754
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 192

Book Description
In this book, the author leads the reader, step by step and without any advanced mathematics, to a clear understanding of the foundations of modern elementary particle physics and cosmology. He also addresses current and controversial questions on topics such as string theory. The book contains gentle introductions to the theories of special and general relativity, and also classical and quantum field theory. The essential aspects of these concepts are understood with the help of simple calculations; for example, the force of gravity as a consequence of the curvature of the space-time. Also treated are the Big Bang, dark matter and dark energy, as well as the presently known interactions of elementary particles: electrodynamics, the strong and the weak interactions including the Higgs boson. Finally, the book sketches as yet speculative theories: Grand Unification theories, supersymmetry, string theory and the idea of additional dimensions of space-time. Since no higher mathematical or physics expertise is required, the book is also suitable for college and university students at the beginning of their studies. Hobby astronomers and other science enthusiasts seeking a deeper insight than can be found in popular treatments will also appreciate this unique book.

Particle Physics as Building Blocks of the Universe

Particle Physics as Building Blocks of the Universe PDF Author: Asit Baran Bhattacharya
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659351532
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 424

Book Description
The main motivation of this book is to present the subject of elementary particle physics in relation to its developments and connections with astrophysics and cosmology, keeping in mind to show the tremendous development of particle physics as building blocks of the Universe. Besides the Standard Model of quarks and leptons, the shortcomings of this model and new physics based on supersymmetric neutrino, GUTs are critically discussed. Various works based on scientific and technological aspects developed in recent years have got priority in this presentation so that it uncovers the mysteries of the role of elementary particles to appreciate the fascinating building blocks of matter which in turn make up our Universe. Today, our thinking of elementary particles and their interactions extending to the understanding of the Universe has reached to an exciting point with many challenging astrophysical observations like dark matter, dark energy, matter-antimatter asymmetry etc. The book presents the recent developments in these diverse areas of particle physics with a view to develop ultimately a close link to the Universe as a whole.

Introduction to Physics of Elementary Particles

Introduction to Physics of Elementary Particles PDF Author: O. M. Boyarkin
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600212000
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 244

Book Description
In this textbook, all known fundamental interactions are considered and the main directions of their unification are reviewed. The basic theoretical ideas and experiments, which permit establishing a quark-lepton level of matter structure are discussed. A general scheme for the theory of interacting fields with the help of the local gauge invariance principle is given. This scheme is used for presentation of the basic aspects of the quantum chromodynamics and electroweak theory of Weinberg-Salam-Glashow. Principles of operation and designs of accelerators, neutrino telescopes, and elementary particle detectors are considered. The modern theory of the Universe evolution is described.

Elementary Particles

Elementary Particles PDF Author: Luke Yuan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323155782
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 326

Book Description
Elementary Particles: Science, Technology, and Society is a comprehensive review of some important developments in science and technology in relation to the study of particle physics. The book covers topics such as particle physics - its theory and experimentation, apparatuses, arguments, and speculations; elementary particle interactions in astrophysics; and the interaction of particle research with chemistry. Topics also include the application of accelerated particles in biological research; possible uses of ionizing radiations in radiotherapy; and interactions between elementary particle research and engineering. The text is recommended for particle physicists who would like to know more about the applications of their expertise in the fields of astrophysics, chemistry, biology, medicine, and engineering.

Elementary-Particle Physics

Elementary-Particle Physics PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309035767
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 248

Book Description
Part of the Physics in a New Era series of assessments of the various branches of the field, Elementary-Particle Physics reviews progress in the field over the past 10 years and recommends actions needed to address the key questions that remain unanswered. It explains in simple terms the present picture of how matter is constructed. As physicists have probed ever deeper into the structure of matter, they have begun to explore one of the most fundamental questions that one can ask about the universe: What gives matter its mass? A new international accelerator to be built at the European laboratory CERN will begin to explore some of the mechanisms proposed to give matter its heft. The committee recommends full U.S. participation in this project as well as various other experiments and studies to be carried out now and in the longer term.

Elementary Particles : The Building Blocks of the Universe - Physics and the Universe | Children's Physics Books

Elementary Particles : The Building Blocks of the Universe - Physics and the Universe | Children's Physics Books PDF Author: Baby Professor
Publisher: Speedy Publishing LLC
ISBN: 1541919068
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 64

Book Description
The universe may be gigantic but it came from something very small, like the elementary particles. In this book, we’re going to learn about the building blocks of he universe. The science behind the birth of outer space will be made known to you. Reading can be fun, as long as you choose the right resources. Go ahead and grab a copy today!

Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics

Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics PDF Author: Martinus J G Veltman
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813237074
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 352

Book Description
This book provides a comprehensive overview of modern particle physics accessible to anyone with a true passion for wanting to know how the universe works. We are introduced to the known particles of the world we live in. An elegant explanation of quantum mechanics and relativity paves the way for an understanding of the laws that govern particle physics. These laws are put into action in the world of accelerators, colliders and detectors found at institutions such as CERN and Fermilab that are in the forefront of technical innovation. Real world and theory meet using Feynman diagrams to solve the problems of infinities and deduce the need for the Higgs boson. Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics offers an incredible insight from an eyewitness and participant in some of the greatest discoveries in 20th century science. From Einstein's theory of relativity to the spectacular discovery of the Higgs particle, this book will fascinate and educate anyone interested in the world of quarks, leptons and gauge theories. This book also contains many thumbnail sketches of particle physics personalities, including contemporaries as seen through the eyes of the author. Illustrated with pictures, these candid sketches present rare, perceptive views of the characters that populate the field. The Chapter on Particle Theory, in a pre-publication, was termed "superbly lucid" by David Miller in Nature (Vol. 396, 17 Dec. 1998, p. 642). Contents: IntroductionPreliminariesThe Standard ModelQuantum Mechanics. MixingEnergy, Momentum and Mass-ShellDetectionAccelerators and Storage RingsThe CERN Neutrino ExperimentThe Particle ZooParticle TheoryFinding the HiggsQuantum ChromodynamicsEpilogueAddendum Readership: Students, lay people and anyone interested in the world of elementary particles. Keywords: Particle Physics;Quantum Mechanics;Relativity;Quarks;Leptons;Gauge Theories;Higgs ParticleReview: Reviews of the First Edition: "Veltman's life spans the history of particle physics, from Antiparticles to Z bosons. So does his crystal clear book, which tells all you want to know about the strange sub-nuclear world and the stranger scientists that study it ... a thrilling tale about the world's tiniest things." Sheldon Glashow Nobel laureate Boston University "I must congratulate you! The book you have written is truly a masterpiece. Not only have you explained the physics of the world of elementary particles to the young aspiring student, but you have made it available to the intelligent layman. On top of that you gave it the humanity it deserves; reading this book brought me back to the most exciting period of my life in which every day brought a new discovery and we all fought for recognition. I can truly say that there is no book like this." Melvin Schwartz Nobel laureate Columbia University "Veltman's ... transparent explanations of the abstract theories of quantum mechanics and special relativity, his lucid accounts of esoteric subjects in particle physics, such as scaling, Higgs particle and renormalizability ... are very impressive. The book will interest anyone who is interested in the view of the physical world held by contemporary fundamental physicists."T Y Cao Boston University "I greatly enjoyed finally reading a book that goes into the details I always wanted ... Veltman has the courage to try a deeper level about what we understand and what is simply fact ... Even if you have read books popularizing physics befor

Space-Time and the Elementary Particles

Space-Time and the Elementary Particles PDF Author: Glen Schrank
Publisher: Dog Ear Publishing
ISBN: 1457511916
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 194

Book Description
A space-time approach to the elementary particle problem is proposed and briefly explored. In this research monograph, particle structure is primary and particle interaction is secondary. Among the "points of contact" between the math and the experimental data are: 1) Baryons, mesons and electron-like particle structures appear in the math. 2) Dark-matter particles appear in the math. 3) All four known interactions appear, in principle, in the math. A fifth interaction appears. It is very short range and repulsive. In this work, it is this interaction that is responsible for the Big Bang . . . with inflation.

Elementary Particles

Elementary Particles PDF Author: Baby Professor
Publisher: Baby Professor (Education Kids)
ISBN: 9781541911512
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 64

Book Description
The universe may be gigantic but it came from something very small, like the elementary particles. In this book, we're going to learn about the building blocks of he universe. The science behind the birth of outer space will be made known to you. Reading can be fun, as long as you choose the right resources. Go ahead and grab a copy today!

Elementary Particles and the Universe

Elementary Particles and the Universe PDF Author: Murray Gell-Mann
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521412536
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 212

Book Description
This book is a collection of research articles especially written by eminent scientists to celebrate the 60th birthday, in September 1989, of the Nobel Laureate and inventor of 'quarks', Professor Murray Gell-Mann. The main body of contributions are concerned with theoretical particle physics and its applications to cosmology.