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From the Universe to the Elementary Particles

From the Universe to the Elementary Particles PDF Author: Ulrich Ellwanger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642243746
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 193

Book Description
In this book, the author leads the reader, step by step and without any advanced mathematics, to a clear understanding of the foundations of modern elementary particle physics and cosmology. He also addresses current and controversial questions on topics such as string theory. The book contains gentle introductions to the theories of special and general relativity, and also classical and quantum field theory. The essential aspects of these concepts are understood with the help of simple calculations; for example, the force of gravity as a consequence of the curvature of the space-time. Also treated are the Big Bang, dark matter and dark energy, as well as the presently known interactions of elementary particles: electrodynamics, the strong and the weak interactions including the Higgs boson. Finally, the book sketches as yet speculative theories: Grand Unification theories, supersymmetry, string theory and the idea of additional dimensions of space-time. Since no higher mathematical or physics expertise is required, the book is also suitable for college and university students at the beginning of their studies. Hobby astronomers and other science enthusiasts seeking a deeper insight than can be found in popular treatments will also appreciate this unique book.

From the Universe to the Elementary Particles

From the Universe to the Elementary Particles PDF Author: Ulrich Ellwanger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642243746
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 193

Book Description
In this book, the author leads the reader, step by step and without any advanced mathematics, to a clear understanding of the foundations of modern elementary particle physics and cosmology. He also addresses current and controversial questions on topics such as string theory. The book contains gentle introductions to the theories of special and general relativity, and also classical and quantum field theory. The essential aspects of these concepts are understood with the help of simple calculations; for example, the force of gravity as a consequence of the curvature of the space-time. Also treated are the Big Bang, dark matter and dark energy, as well as the presently known interactions of elementary particles: electrodynamics, the strong and the weak interactions including the Higgs boson. Finally, the book sketches as yet speculative theories: Grand Unification theories, supersymmetry, string theory and the idea of additional dimensions of space-time. Since no higher mathematical or physics expertise is required, the book is also suitable for college and university students at the beginning of their studies. Hobby astronomers and other science enthusiasts seeking a deeper insight than can be found in popular treatments will also appreciate this unique book.

Introduction to Physics of Elementary Particles

Introduction to Physics of Elementary Particles PDF Author: O. M. Boyarkin
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600212000
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 244

Book Description
In this textbook, all known fundamental interactions are considered and the main directions of their unification are reviewed. The basic theoretical ideas and experiments, which permit establishing a quark-lepton level of matter structure are discussed. A general scheme for the theory of interacting fields with the help of the local gauge invariance principle is given. This scheme is used for presentation of the basic aspects of the quantum chromodynamics and electroweak theory of Weinberg-Salam-Glashow. Principles of operation and designs of accelerators, neutrino telescopes, and elementary particle detectors are considered. The modern theory of the Universe evolution is described.

Elementary-Particle Physics

Elementary-Particle Physics PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309035767
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 249

Book Description
Part of the Physics in a New Era series of assessments of the various branches of the field, Elementary-Particle Physics reviews progress in the field over the past 10 years and recommends actions needed to address the key questions that remain unanswered. It explains in simple terms the present picture of how matter is constructed. As physicists have probed ever deeper into the structure of matter, they have begun to explore one of the most fundamental questions that one can ask about the universe: What gives matter its mass? A new international accelerator to be built at the European laboratory CERN will begin to explore some of the mechanisms proposed to give matter its heft. The committee recommends full U.S. participation in this project as well as various other experiments and studies to be carried out now and in the longer term.

Elementary Particles

Elementary Particles PDF Author: Luke Yuan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323155782
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 326

Book Description
Elementary Particles: Science, Technology, and Society is a comprehensive review of some important developments in science and technology in relation to the study of particle physics. The book covers topics such as particle physics - its theory and experimentation, apparatuses, arguments, and speculations; elementary particle interactions in astrophysics; and the interaction of particle research with chemistry. Topics also include the application of accelerated particles in biological research; possible uses of ionizing radiations in radiotherapy; and interactions between elementary particle research and engineering. The text is recommended for particle physicists who would like to know more about the applications of their expertise in the fields of astrophysics, chemistry, biology, medicine, and engineering.

Particles in the Dark Universe

Particles in the Dark Universe PDF Author: Yann Mambrini
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030781399
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 502

Book Description
This book provides a comprehensive and instructive coverage of particle physics in the early universe, in a logical way. It starts from the thermal history of the universe by investigating some of the main arguments such as Big Bang nucleosynthesis, the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and the inflation, before treating in details the direct and indirect detection of dark matter and then some aspects of the physics of neutrino. Following, it describes possible candidates for dark matter and its interactions. The book is targeted at theoretical physicists who deal with particle physics in the universe, dark matter detection and astrophysical constraints, and at particle physicists who are interested in models of inflation or reheating. This book offers also material for astrophysicists who work with quantum field theory computations. All that is useful to compute any physical process is included: mathematical tables, all the needed functions for the thermodynamics of early universe and Feynman rules. In light of this, this book acts as a crossroad between astrophysics, particle physics and cosmology.

Space-Time and the Elementary Particles

Space-Time and the Elementary Particles PDF Author: Glen Schrank
Publisher: Dog Ear Publishing
ISBN: 1457511916
Category : Atoms
Languages : en
Pages : 194

Book Description


Elementary Particles and the Early Universe

Elementary Particles and the Early Universe PDF Author: EITAN. KREINER ABRAHAM (ANDRES J.)
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780367559960
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 0

Book Description
This book is suitable for those taking courses on particle physics, general relativity, and cosmology.

Particle Physics as Building Blocks of the Universe

Particle Physics as Building Blocks of the Universe PDF Author: Asit Baran Bhattacharya
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659351532
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 424

Book Description
The main motivation of this book is to present the subject of elementary particle physics in relation to its developments and connections with astrophysics and cosmology, keeping in mind to show the tremendous development of particle physics as building blocks of the Universe. Besides the Standard Model of quarks and leptons, the shortcomings of this model and new physics based on supersymmetric neutrino, GUTs are critically discussed. Various works based on scientific and technological aspects developed in recent years have got priority in this presentation so that it uncovers the mysteries of the role of elementary particles to appreciate the fascinating building blocks of matter which in turn make up our Universe. Today, our thinking of elementary particles and their interactions extending to the understanding of the Universe has reached to an exciting point with many challenging astrophysical observations like dark matter, dark energy, matter-antimatter asymmetry etc. The book presents the recent developments in these diverse areas of particle physics with a view to develop ultimately a close link to the Universe as a whole.

Application of Distributions to the Theory of Elementary Particles in Quantum Mechanics

Application of Distributions to the Theory of Elementary Particles in Quantum Mechanics PDF Author: Laurent Schwartz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780677300900
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 148

Book Description


The Particle at the End of the Universe

The Particle at the End of the Universe PDF Author: Sean Carroll
Publisher: Dutton
ISBN: 0142180300
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 370

Book Description
Examines the effort to discover the Higgs boson particle by tracing the development and use of the Large Hadron Collider and how its findings are dramatically shaping scientific understandings while enabling world-changing innovations.