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Physics in Medical Diagnosis

Physics in Medical Diagnosis PDF Author: T.A. Delchar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780412616808
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 360

Book Description
Physics has been applied to medical diagnosis for very nearly 400 years, and has now become an essential element of medical practice. This book concentrates on the theoretical basis of the physics which supports diagnostic techniques in modern clinical practice. Arising out of over a decade of teaching a course on medical physics to third year undergraduate students, the book has been structured so that individuals with a non-physics background, such as medical students or practitioners, can also benefit.

Physics in Medical Diagnosis

Physics in Medical Diagnosis PDF Author: T.A. Delchar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780412616808
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 360

Book Description
Physics has been applied to medical diagnosis for very nearly 400 years, and has now become an essential element of medical practice. This book concentrates on the theoretical basis of the physics which supports diagnostic techniques in modern clinical practice. Arising out of over a decade of teaching a course on medical physics to third year undergraduate students, the book has been structured so that individuals with a non-physics background, such as medical students or practitioners, can also benefit.

Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists

Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists PDF Author: Ervin B. Podgorsak
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319253824
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 906

Book Description
This textbook summarizes the basic knowledge of atomic, nuclear, and radiation physics that professionals working in medical physics and biomedical engineering need for efficient and safe use of ionizing radiation in medicine. Concentrating on the underlying principles of radiation physics, the textbook covers the prerequisite knowledge for medical physics courses on the graduate and post-graduate levels in radiotherapy physics, radiation dosimetry, imaging physics, and health physics, thus providing the link between elementary undergraduate physics and the intricacies of four medical physics specialties: diagnostic radiology physics, nuclear medicine physics, radiation oncology physics, and health physics. To recognize the importance of radiation dosimetry to medical physics three new chapters have been added to the 14 chapters of the previous edition. Chapter 15 provides a general introduction to radiation dosimetry. Chapter 16 deals with absolute radiation dosimetry systems that establish absorbed dose or some other dose related quantity directly from the signal measured by the dosimeter. Three absolute dosimetry techniques are known and described in detail: (i) calorimetric; (ii) chemical (Fricke), and (iii) ionometric. Chapter 17 deals with relative radiation dosimetry systems that rely on a previous dosimeter calibration in a known radiation field. Many relative radiation dosimetry systems have been developed to date and four most important categories used routinely in medicine and radiation protection are described in this chapter: (i) Ionometric dosimetry; (ii) Luminescence dosimetry; (iii) Semiconductor dosimetry; and (iv) Film dosimetry. The book is intended as a textbook for a radiation physics course in academic medical physics graduate programs as well as a reference book for candidates preparing for certification examinations in medical physics sub-specialties. It may also be of interest to many professionals, not only physicists, who in their daily occupations deal with various aspects of medical physics or radiation physics and have a need or desire to improve their understanding of radiation physics.

Nuclear and Radiation Physics in Medicine

Nuclear and Radiation Physics in Medicine PDF Author: Tony Key
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9789814566803
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 128

Book Description
Modern physics, radiation, atomic and nuclear physics have revolutionized medical diagnosis and the treatment of cancer. The work of the scientists whose discoveries fuelled this revolution is an important part of our scientific and cultural heritage. Using basic physics and simple mathematics this book shows how the discoveries of fundamental physics lead to an understanding of the important design principles of diagnosis and radiation therapy. With its carefully chosen and realistic exercises and worked examples, it provides a brief introduction and broad foundation for students and practitioners in the life sciences. This book could be used as a text for an introductory course in medical physics or biophysics. For those who are starting their careers in medical sciences or are already practitioners, it offers some interesting and useful background and an aide-memoire of the basics. For members of the public it could provide a deeper understanding of the science that informs the medical procedures that too many will be subject to, at a deeper level than the often excellent but, of necessity very basic and purely practical information available from hospitals and Web sites. The former audience may be interested in the mathematical demonstrations; the latter certainly will not be. However, for both audiences, the details of the calculations are less important than the knowledge that they can be done.

Dose, Benefit, and Risk in Medical Imaging

Dose, Benefit, and Risk in Medical Imaging PDF Author: Lawrence T. Dauer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429814747
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 286

Book Description
This timely overview of dose, benefit, and risk in medical imaging explains to readers how to apply this information for informed decision-making that improves patient outcomes. The chapters cover patient and physician perspectives, referral guidelines, appropriateness criteria, and quantifying medical imaging benefits. The authors have included essential discussion about radiologic physics in medical imaging, fundamentals of dose and image quality, risk assessment, and techniques for optimization and dose reduction. The book highlights practical implementation aspects with useful case studies and checklists for treatment planning. Clinicians, students, residents, and professionals in medical physics, biomedical engineering, radiology, oncology, and allied disciplines will find this book an essential resource with the following key features: Discusses risk, benefit, dose optimization, safety, regulation, radiological protection, and shared & informed decision-making. Covers regulatory oversight by government agencies, manufacturers, and societies. Highlights best practices for improving patient safety and outcomes. Gives guidelines on doses associated with specific procedures.

Webb's Physics of Medical Imaging, Second Edition

Webb's Physics of Medical Imaging, Second Edition PDF Author: M A Flower
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0750305738
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 864

Book Description
Since the publication of the best-selling, highly acclaimed first edition, the technology and clinical applications of medical imaging have changed significantly. Gathering these developments into one volume, Webb’s Physics of Medical Imaging, Second Edition presents a thorough update of the basic physics, modern technology and many examples of clinical application across all the modalities of medical imaging. New to the Second Edition Extensive updates to all original chapters Coverage of state-of-the-art detector technology and computer processing used in medical imaging 11 new contributors in addition to the original team of authors Two new chapters on medical image processing and multimodality imaging More than 50 percent new examples and over 80 percent new figures Glossary of abbreviations, color insert and contents lists at the beginning of each chapter Keeping the material accessible to graduate students, this well-illustrated book reviews the basic physics underpinning imaging in medicine. It covers the major techniques of x-radiology, computerised tomography, nuclear medicine, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging, in addition to infrared, electrical impedance and optical imaging. The text also describes the mathematics of medical imaging, image processing, image perception, computational requirements and multimodality imaging.

Radiochromic Film

Radiochromic Film PDF Author: Indra J. Das
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351650904
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 388

Book Description
This book provides a first authoritative text on radiochromic film, covering the basic principles, technology advances, practical methods, and applications. It focuses on practical uses of radiochromic film in radiation dosimetry for diagnostic x-rays, brachytherapy, radiosurgery, external beam therapies (photon, electron, protons), stereotactic body radiotherapy, intensity-modulated radiotherapy, and other emerging radiation technologies. The expert authors address basic concepts, advantages, and the main applications including kilovoltage, brachytherapy, megavoltage, electron beam, proton beam, skin dose, in vivo dosimetry, postal and clinical trial dosimetry. The final chapters discuss the state of the art in microbeam, synchrotron radiation, and ultraviolet radiation dosimetry.

Advances In Diagnostic Medical Physics

Advances In Diagnostic Medical Physics PDF Author: G. S. Pant
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789350440957
Category : Diagnostic imaging
Languages : en
Pages : 534

Book Description


Introduction to Medical Physics

Introduction to Medical Physics PDF Author: Stephen Keevil
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498744826
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 480

Book Description
This textbook provides an accessible introduction to the basic principles of medical physics, the applications of medical physics equipment, and the role of a medical physicist in healthcare. Introduction to Medical Physics is designed to support undergraduate and graduate students taking their first modules on a medical physics course, or as a dedicated book for specific modules such as medical imaging and radiotherapy. It is ideally suited for new teaching schemes such as Modernising Scientific Careers and will be invaluable for all medical physics students worldwide. Key features: Written by an experienced and senior team of medical physicists from highly respected institutions The first book written specifically to introduce medical physics to undergraduate and graduate physics students Provides worked examples relevant to actual clinical situations

Prospectives for Ultrasonic Imaging in Medical Diagnosis

Prospectives for Ultrasonic Imaging in Medical Diagnosis PDF Author: National Science Foundation (U.S.). Survey Team on Ultrasonic Imaging
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Diagnosis, Ultrasonic
Languages : en
Pages : 48

Book Description


Handbook of Radioembolization

Handbook of Radioembolization PDF Author: Alexander S. Pasciak, PhD.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315352168
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 330

Book Description
Radioembolization is a widely used treatment for non-resectable primary and secondary liver cancer. This handbook addresses the radiation biology, physics, nuclear medicine, and imaging for radioembolization using Yttrium-90 (90Y) microspheres, in addition to discussing aspects related to interventional radiology. The contents reflect on and off-label treatment indications, dose-response relationships, treatment-planning, therapy optimization, radiation safety, imaging follow-up and many other facets of this therapy necessary for both novice and advanced users alike.