Serious Accidents and Human Factors PDF Download

Are you looking for read ebook online? Search for your book and save it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Download Serious Accidents and Human Factors PDF full book. Access full book title Serious Accidents and Human Factors by Masako Miyagi. Download full books in PDF and EPUB format.

Serious Accidents and Human Factors

Serious Accidents and Human Factors PDF Author: Masako Miyagi
Publisher: Amer Inst of Aeronautics &
ISBN:
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 288

Book Description
There is growing concern globally over issues of aviation safety. Awareness of previous failures and their causes is one of the most important factors in determining risks and hazards in any new operational systems. This requires experience of accidents and failures across a broad spectrum of complex systems. Every accident occurs as a result of a chain of errors, and if one of the ""links"" making up that chain can be broken, the accident might be prevented - and becomes merely an ""incident."" If you collect detailed data from a range of ""incidents,"" relating to how they occurred, and develop a consistent method for analyzing that data, you can create a potentially valuable resource to assist in accident prevention. Serious Accidents and Human Factors proposes an original and structured approach to accident prevention. In an interesting and readable collection of accounts of major accidents, drawn mainly from the aviation industry, Masako Miyagi investigates incident reports analytically and reveals the critical information hidden therein that could avert a full-blown accident or disaster.She applies an innovative analytical technique - multidimensional analysis of incident reports (MAIR), using Quantification Method III to validate the results and focus upon individual components identified within the causal chain of events that precede an accident. She advocates wider acceptance and use of the Incident Report Analysing System, ideally administered by a neutral and independent body, to help prevent accidents not only in aviation but in relation to all complex systems, such as nuclear power plants. Serious Accidents and Human Factors offers aviation industry personnel, as well as those involved more generally with safety, risk assessment, and accident prevention in other industries, a comprehensive understanding of the accident causation chain, events contributing to that chain, and a method for identifying and eliminating causal factors in a pro-active way. Copublished with Professional Engineering Publishing. For orders from Europe and the Middle East, please contact Professional Engineering Publishing, tel 44 1284 763 277 or fax 44 1284 704 006.

Serious Accidents and Human Factors

Serious Accidents and Human Factors PDF Author: Masako Miyagi
Publisher: Amer Inst of Aeronautics &
ISBN:
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 288

Book Description
There is growing concern globally over issues of aviation safety. Awareness of previous failures and their causes is one of the most important factors in determining risks and hazards in any new operational systems. This requires experience of accidents and failures across a broad spectrum of complex systems. Every accident occurs as a result of a chain of errors, and if one of the ""links"" making up that chain can be broken, the accident might be prevented - and becomes merely an ""incident."" If you collect detailed data from a range of ""incidents,"" relating to how they occurred, and develop a consistent method for analyzing that data, you can create a potentially valuable resource to assist in accident prevention. Serious Accidents and Human Factors proposes an original and structured approach to accident prevention. In an interesting and readable collection of accounts of major accidents, drawn mainly from the aviation industry, Masako Miyagi investigates incident reports analytically and reveals the critical information hidden therein that could avert a full-blown accident or disaster.She applies an innovative analytical technique - multidimensional analysis of incident reports (MAIR), using Quantification Method III to validate the results and focus upon individual components identified within the causal chain of events that precede an accident. She advocates wider acceptance and use of the Incident Report Analysing System, ideally administered by a neutral and independent body, to help prevent accidents not only in aviation but in relation to all complex systems, such as nuclear power plants. Serious Accidents and Human Factors offers aviation industry personnel, as well as those involved more generally with safety, risk assessment, and accident prevention in other industries, a comprehensive understanding of the accident causation chain, events contributing to that chain, and a method for identifying and eliminating causal factors in a pro-active way. Copublished with Professional Engineering Publishing. For orders from Europe and the Middle East, please contact Professional Engineering Publishing, tel 44 1284 763 277 or fax 44 1284 704 006.

Human Factors Models for Aviation Accident Analysis and Prevention

Human Factors Models for Aviation Accident Analysis and Prevention PDF Author: Thomas G.C. Griffin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1317120094
Category : Transportation
Languages : en
Pages : 226

Book Description
The investigation and modelling of aviation accident causation is dominated by linear models. Aviation is, however, a complex system and as such suffers from being artificially manipulated into non-complex models and methods. This book addresses this issue by developing a new approach to investigating aviation accident causation through information networks. These networks centralise communication and the flow of information as key indicators of a system’s health and risk. This holistic approach focuses on the system environment, the activity that takes place within it, the strategies used to conduct this activity, the way in which the constituent parts of the system (both human and non-human) interact and the behaviour required. Each stage of this book identifies and expands upon the potential of the information network approach, maintaining firm focus on the overall health of a system. The book’s new model offers many potential developments and some key areas are studied in this research. Through the centralisation of barriers and information nodes the method can be applied to almost any situation. The application of Bayesian mathematics to historical data populations provides scope for studying error migration and barrier manipulation. The book also provides application of these predictions to a flight simulator study for the purposes of validation. Beyond this it also discusses the applicability of the approach to industry. Through working with a legacy airline the methods discussed are used as the basis for a new and prospective safety management system.

A Human Error Approach to Aviation Accident Analysis

A Human Error Approach to Aviation Accident Analysis PDF Author: Douglas A. Wiegmann
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351962353
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 184

Book Description
Human error is implicated in nearly all aviation accidents, yet most investigation and prevention programs are not designed around any theoretical framework of human error. Appropriate for all levels of expertise, the book provides the knowledge and tools required to conduct a human error analysis of accidents, regardless of operational setting (i.e. military, commercial, or general aviation). The book contains a complete description of the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS), which incorporates James Reason's model of latent and active failures as a foundation. Widely disseminated among military and civilian organizations, HFACS encompasses all aspects of human error, including the conditions of operators and elements of supervisory and organizational failure. It attracts a very broad readership. Specifically, the book serves as the main textbook for a course in aviation accident investigation taught by one of the authors at the University of Illinois. This book will also be used in courses designed for military safety officers and flight surgeons in the U.S. Navy, Army and the Canadian Defense Force, who currently utilize the HFACS system during aviation accident investigations. Additionally, the book has been incorporated into the popular workshop on accident analysis and prevention provided by the authors at several professional conferences world-wide. The book is also targeted for students attending Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University which has satellite campuses throughout the world and offers a course in human factors accident investigation for many of its majors. In addition, the book will be incorporated into courses offered by Transportation Safety International and the Southern California Safety Institute. Finally, this book serves as an excellent reference guide for many safety professionals and investigators already in the field.

Human Factors in Aircraft Maintenance

Human Factors in Aircraft Maintenance PDF Author: Demetris Yiannakides
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000708640
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 120

Book Description
This book provides an in-depth analysis of human failure and its various forms and root causes. The analysis is developed through real aviation accidents and incidents and the deriving lessons learned. Features: Employs accumulated experience, and the scientific and research point of view, and recorded aviation accidents and incidents from the daily working environment Provides lessons learned and integrates the existing regulations into the human factors discipline Highlights the responsibility concerns and raises the accountability issues deriving from the engineers’ profession by concisely distinguishing human failure types Suggests a new approach in human factors training in order to meet current and future challenges imposed on aviation maintenance Offers a holistic approach in human factors aircraft maintenance Human Factors in Aircraft Maintenance is comprehensive, easy to read, and can be used as both a training and a reference guide for operators, regulators, auditors, researchers, academics, and aviation enthusiasts. It presents the opportunity for aircraft engineers, aviation safety officers, and psychologists to rethink their current training programs and examine the pros and cons of employing this new approach.

The Blame Machine: Why Human Error Causes Accidents

The Blame Machine: Why Human Error Causes Accidents PDF Author: Robert Whittingham
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136359583
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 288

Book Description
The Blame Machine describes how disasters and serious accidents result from recurring, but potentially avoidable, human errors. It shows how such errors are preventable because they result from defective systems within a company. From real incidents, you will be able to identify common causes of human error and typical system deficiencies that have led to these errors. On a larger scale, you will be able to see where, in the organisational or management systems, failure occurred so that you can avoid them. The book also describes the existence of a 'blame culture' in many organisations, which focuses on individual human error whilst ignoring the system failures that caused it. The book shows how this 'blame culture' has, in the case of a number of past accidents, dominated the accident enquiry process hampering a proper investigation of the underlying causes. Suggestions are made about how progress can be made to develop a more open culture in organisations, both through better understanding of human error by managers and through increased public awareness of the issues. The book brings together documentary evidence from recent major incidents from all around the world and within the Rail, Water, Aviation, Shipping, Chemical and Nuclear industries. Barry Whittingham has worked as a senior manager, design engineer and consultant for the chemical, nuclear, offshore oil and gas, railway and aviation sectors. He developed a career as a safety consultant specializing in the human factors aspects of accident causation. He is a member of the Human Factors in Reliability Group, and a Fellow of the Safety and Reliability Society.

Human Factors in Simple and Complex Systems

Human Factors in Simple and Complex Systems PDF Author: Robert W. Proctor
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482229595
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 676

Book Description
Recently, there have been a number of advances in technology, including in mobile devices, globalization of companies, display technologies and healthcare, all of which require significant input and evaluation from human factors specialists. Accordingly, this textbook has been completely updated, with some chapters folded into other chapters and new chapters added where needed. The text continues to fill the need for a textbook that bridges the gap between the conceptual and empirical foundations of the field.

Investigation of Human Factors in Accidents and Incidents

Investigation of Human Factors in Accidents and Incidents PDF Author:
Publisher: Diane Publishing Company
ISBN:
Category : Aeronautics
Languages : en
Pages : 57

Book Description
Human Factors (HF) are involved in most aviation occurrences. To advance aviation safety, we must improve our ability to identify the involvement of HF in accidents and incidents. This report: provides investigators and investigation authorities, civil aviation regulatory authorities, corp. mgmt., and other aviation personnel with info. on the need for and purpose of the investigation of HF; outlines a methodology for investigating HF in aircraft accidents and incidents; and describes how the information gathered should be reported. The focus is on the events which led up to the occurrence and not on post-accident events, such as search and rescue and survivability.

Human Factors in Accidents

Human Factors in Accidents PDF Author: American Institutes for Research
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Accidents
Languages : en
Pages : 348

Book Description


Human Factors in the Chemical and Process Industries

Human Factors in the Chemical and Process Industries PDF Author: Janette Edmonds
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128038780
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 526

Book Description
Human Factors in the Chemical and Process Industries: Making it Work in Practice is a comprehensive overview of human factors within this sector, focusing on the practical application. It has been written by acknowledged industry experts from the Keil Centre, which is a leading practice of chartered ergonomics and human factors specialists, chartered safety specialists, registered occupational psychologists, and registered clinical psychologists. The book was inspired by the international human factors training course run by the Keil Centre with the IChemE, which has reached four continents across the world. The book is written for those who want a comprehensive overview of the subject, focusing on the practical application of human factors. It has been written for safety professionals, engineers and operational disciplines within industry, and those aspiring to these disciplines, who either deal with human factors issues or any aspect of the ‘human element’ in their core role. The book explains what ‘human factors’ is about and how human factors issues are best managed from a practical perspective. It will help readers develop a greater understanding of the area and how to establish more effective solutions for human factors related issues. Provides comprehensive coverage of the most relevant human factors within this sector, with succinct overviews of each topic Uses case studies and practical examples to illustrate topics and explains the material in a fully accessible, easy to understand style Written by a single team of eleven industry practitioners, drawing on the combined expertise of different human factors specialisms which are rarely comprehensively combined in a single resource

Role of Human Factors in Rail Accidents

Role of Human Factors in Rail Accidents PDF Author: United States
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Railroad accidents
Languages : en
Pages : 122

Book Description