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The 9/11 Effect

The 9/11 Effect PDF Author: Kent Roach
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139501380
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description
This book critically and comparatively examines the responses of the United Nations and a range of countries to the terror attacks on September 11, 2001. It assesses the convergence between the responses of Western democracies including the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada with countries with more experience with terrorism including Egypt, Syria, Israel, Singapore and Indonesia. A number of common themes - the use of criminal law and immigration law, the regulation of speech associated with terrorism, the review of the state's whole of government counter-terrorism activities, and the development of national security policies - are discussed. The book provides a critical take on how the United Nations promoted terrorism financing laws and listing processes and the regulation of speech associated with terrorism but failed to agree on a definition of terrorism or the importance of respecting human rights while combating terrorism.

The 9/11 Effect

The 9/11 Effect PDF Author: Kent Roach
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139501380
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description
This book critically and comparatively examines the responses of the United Nations and a range of countries to the terror attacks on September 11, 2001. It assesses the convergence between the responses of Western democracies including the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada with countries with more experience with terrorism including Egypt, Syria, Israel, Singapore and Indonesia. A number of common themes - the use of criminal law and immigration law, the regulation of speech associated with terrorism, the review of the state's whole of government counter-terrorism activities, and the development of national security policies - are discussed. The book provides a critical take on how the United Nations promoted terrorism financing laws and listing processes and the regulation of speech associated with terrorism but failed to agree on a definition of terrorism or the importance of respecting human rights while combating terrorism.

Global Anti-Terrorism Law and Policy

Global Anti-Terrorism Law and Policy PDF Author: Victor V. Ramraj
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139505246
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description
Preventing acts of terrorism remains one of the major tasks of domestic governments and regional and international organisations. Terrorism transcends borders, so anti-terrorism law must cross the boundaries of domestic, regional and international law. It also crosses traditional disciplinary boundaries between administrative, constitutional, criminal, financial, immigration, international and military law, as well as the law of war. This second edition provides a comprehensive resource on how domestic, regional and international responses to terrorism have developed since 2001. Chapters that focus on a particular country or region in the Americas, Europe, Africa and Asia are complemented by overarching thematic chapters that take a comparative approach to particular aspects of anti-terrorism law and policy.

Game Changer

Game Changer PDF Author: Jonathan Paquin
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774827084
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 324

Book Description
This volume re-examines 9/11's effect on North American security policy and international relations from a trilateral rather than a bilateral perspective.

Economic Effects Of 9/11

Economic Effects Of 9/11 PDF Author: Gail Makinen
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 143793837X
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 55

Book Description
The loss of lives and property on 9/11 was not large enough to have had a measurable effect on the productive capacity of the U.S. even though it had a very significant localized effect on N.Y. City and on the Wash., D.C. area. Over the longer run, 9/11 will adversely affect U.S. productivity growth because resources will be used to ensure the security of prod¿n., dist., finance, and commun. Contents of this report: (1) Overview; (2) Economy Wide Implications and the Fiscal-Monetary Response; (3) Terrorism and National Productivity; (4) Oil Supply and Prices; (5) World Economies; (6) Internat. Capital Flows and the Dollar; (7) Financial Markets; (8) Sectoral, Industry, and Geographical Effects. This is a print on demand publication.

9/11 Attack (History of 9/11 Attack)

9/11 Attack (History of 9/11 Attack) PDF Author: Abdul Rasheed Sajid
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 54

Book Description
The September 11 attacks, often referred to as 9/11 were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Wahhabi[3] terrorist group Al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001. The attacks resulted in 2,977 fatalities, over 25,000 injuries, and substantial long-term health consequences, in addition to at least $10 billion in infrastructure and property damage.It is the deadliest terrorist attack in human history and the single deadliest incident for firefighters and law enforcement officers in the history of the United States, with 343 and 72 killed, respectively.Four passenger airliners which had departed from airports in the northeastern United States bound for California were hijacked by 19 al-Qaeda terrorists. Two of the planes, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, crashed into the North and South towers, respectively, of the World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan. Within an hour and 42 minutes, both 110-story towers collapsed. Debris and the resulting fires caused a partial or complete collapse of all other buildings in the World Trade Center complex, including the 47-story 7 World Trade Center tower, as well as significant damage to ten other large surrounding structures. A third plane, American Airlines Flight 77, was crashed into the Pentagon (the headquarters of the U.S. Department of Defense) in Arlington County, Virginia, which led to a partial collapse of the building's west side. The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight 93, was initially flown toward Washington, D.C., but crashed into a field in Stonycreek Township, Pennsylvania, after passengers thwarted the hijackers.Suspicion quickly fell onto al-Qaeda. The United States responded by launching the War on Terror and invading Afghanistan to depose the Taliban, which had not complied with U.S. demands to expel al-Qaeda from Afghanistan and extradite their leader Osama bin Laden. Many countries strengthened their anti-terrorism legislation and expanded the powers of law enforcement and intelligence agencies to prevent terrorist attacks. Although bin Laden initially denied any involvement, in 2004 he claimed responsibility for the attacks. Al-Qaeda and bin Laden cited U.S. support of Israel, the presence of U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia, and sanctions against Iraq as motives. After evading capture for almost a decade, bin Laden was located in Pakistan in 2011 and killed during a U.S. military raid.The destruction of the World Trade Center and nearby infrastructure seriously harmed the economy of New York City and had a significant effect on global markets. The U.S. and Canadian civilian airspaces were closed until September 13, while Wall Street was closed until September 17. Many closings, evacuations, and cancellations followed, out of respect or fear of further attacks. Cleanup of the World Trade Center site was completed in May 2002, and the Pentagon was repaired within a year. The construction of One World Trade Center began in November 2006, and the building opened in November 2014. Numerous memorials have been constructed, including the National September 11 Memorial & Museum in New York City, the Pentagon Memorial in Arlington County, Virginia, and the Flight 93 National Memorial at the Pennsylvania crash site.

9-11 Attacks

9-11 Attacks PDF Author: Steven Buckfield
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781077456266
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 187

Book Description
Revealing the time between June 2001 - February 2002 in autobiographical form. Author with a love/hate relationship is compelled to return to New York as the event consumes him.Excerpt:WORLD TRADE2 TWIN TOWERS GONE!!This is huge!! This is real life - not movies!NIGHTMARE! TERRORIST ATTACK!I listened to the radio and had to change channels to know it was not War of the Worlds!I called Maria, met her for lunch only. Called Mom 2X, "Marian briefly, Aunt & Uncle, Debra. Debra said, "People were walking with masks." She said, "I talked to Lance."These have been an emotional couple of days. I called Michael and Linda. She was solemn. Michael is too young.I heard this: Dial 911!: 9/11/01I NEVER thought something like this could happen in my life-time.I felt angry and sad. I just keep thinking New York! This has to have the attention of the world - all people!This is not substance-filled because the facts are on TV.Everyone is saying Bin Laden is behind this.I don't think this will grow - it's done.People will worry at the Olympics. [Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City - 2/8/01].There won't be a shortage of reading this.Why don't they say death over 10,000 people?Do they think people escaped fully when there are 50,000 people there at 9:00 a.m.?

From 9/11 to Terror War

From 9/11 to Terror War PDF Author: Douglas Kellner
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742526389
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 319

Book Description
The book shows how September 11 provided an opportunity for the Bush administration to push through hard-right domestic and foreign policies, many of which were being contested and blocked in Congress pre-September 11. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Cause & Effect

Cause & Effect PDF Author: Don Nardo
Publisher: Cause & Effect: Modern Wars
ISBN: 9781682821701
Category : Young Adult Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 80

Book Description
After the awful tragedy of 9/11, the United States launched the War on Terror, which vigorously targeted terrorist groups around the world. Through thoughtful narrative supported by fully documented quotes this title begins with A Brief History of the War on Terror and then examines these questions: How Did the 9/11 Attacks Launch the War on Terror? How Did the Killing of Osama bin Laden Weaken al Qaeda? How Did the War on Terror Contribute to the Founding of ISIS? How Has the War on Terror Altered Global Terrorism?

Preventing Surprise Attacks

Preventing Surprise Attacks PDF Author: Richard A. Posner
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742549470
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 214

Book Description
Posner discusses the utter futilty of this reform act in a searing critique of the 9/11 Commission, its recommendations, Congress's role in making law, and the law's inability to do what it is intended to do.

The Road to 9/11

The Road to 9/11 PDF Author: Peter Dale Scott
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520237735
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 423

Book Description
"Scott's brilliantly perceptive account of the underpinnings of American governmental authority should be made required reading. The book vividly depicts the political forces that have pushed this country toward an abyss, threatening constitutional democracy at home and world peace abroad. Its central message can be understood as an urgent wake-up call to everyone concerned with the future of America."—Richard Falk, author of The Great Terror War "Peter Dale Scott is one of that tiny and select company of the most brilliantly creative and provocative political-historical writers of the last half century. The Road to 9/11 further secures his distinction as truth-teller and prophet. He shows us here with painful yet hopeful clarity the central issue of our time—America's coming to terms with its behavior in the modern world. As in his past work, Scott's gift is not only recognition and wisdom but also redemption and rescue we simply cannot do without."—Roger Morris, former NSC staffer "The Road to 9/11 is vintage Peter Dale Scott. Scott does not undertake conventional political analysis; instead, he engages in a kind of poetics, crafting the dark poetry of the deep state, of parapolitics, and of shadow government. As with his earlier work Deep Politics and the Death of JFK, Scott has no theory of responsibility and does not name the guilty. Rather, he maps out an alien terrain, surveying the topography of a political shadow land, in which covert political deviancy emerges as the norm. After reading Scott, we can no longer continue with our consensus-driven belief that our so-called 'liberal' order renders impossible the triumph of the politically irrational."—Eric Wilson, Senior Lecturer of Public International Law, Monash University, and co-editor of Government of the Shadows "Peter Dale Scott exposes a shadow world of oil, terrorism, drug trade and arms deals, of covert financing and parallel security structures-from the Cold War to today. He shows how such parallel forces of the United States have been able to dominate the agenda of the George W. Bush Administration, and that statements and actions made by Vice President Cheney and Defense Secretary Rumsfeld before, during and after September 11, 2001, present evidence for an American 'deep state' and for the so-called 'Continuity of Government' in parallel to the regular 'public state' ruled by law. Scott's brilliant work not only reveals the overwhelming importance of these parallel forces but also presents elements of a strategy for restraining their influence to win back the 'public state', the American democracy."—Ola Tunander, International Peace Research Institute, Oslo "A powerful study of the historic origins of the terrorist strikes of September 11, this book offers an indispensable guide to the gluttonous cast of characters who, since Watergate and the fall of Nixon, fashioned an ever more reckless American empire. By exposing the corrupt U.S. 'deep state'-transfer of public authority to America's wealthy and to the nation's unaccountable secret intelligence agencies-Peter Dale Scott's The Road to 9/11 illuminates the path toward a more democratic and inclusive republic."—David MacGregor, King's University College at the University of Western Ontario "The Road to 9/11 provides an illuminating and disturbing history of the American government since World War II. Scott's account suggests that the 9/11 attacks were a culmination of long-term trends that threaten the very existence of American democracy, and also that there has been a massive cover-up of 9/11 itself. This book, which combines extensive research, perceptive analysis, and a fascinating narrative, will surely be considered Scott's magnum opus."—David Ray Griffin, author of Debunking 9/11 Debunking "'The America we knew and loved. Can it be saved?' That question opens this book, and getting to the answer called for the honed intellect of a scholar and the sensitivity of a poet. Peter Dale Scott has both, in spades, and here gives us much, much more than a book about 9/11. In a time of fear, he speaks for sanity and freedom."—Anthony Summers, author of The Arrogance of Power